Sample dataset: recipes

Databases are more fun with data, so to get you started on your OpenSearch journey we picked this open data set of recipes as a great example you can try out yourself.

Epicurious recipes

A dataset from Kaggle with recipes, rating and nutrition information from Epicurious.

Let’s take a look at a sample recipe document:

    "title": "A very nice Vegan dish",
    "desc": "A beautiful description of the recipe",
    "date": "2015-05-01T04:00:00.000Z",
    "categories": [
        "Tree Nut Free",
        "Soy Free",
        "No Sugar Added"
    "ingredients": [
    "directions": [
        "to prepare the dish"
    "calories": 32.0,
    "fat": 1.0,
    "protein": 1.0,
    "rating": 5.0,
    "sodium": 959.0,

Load the data

Follow the steps below to obtain the dataset and then load the sample data into your OpenSearch service using Python:

  1. Download and unzip the full_format_recipes.json file from the dataset in your current directory.

  1. Install the Python dependencies:

pip install elasticsearch==7.13.4
  1. In this step you will create the script that reads the data file you downloaded and puts the records into the OpenSearch service. Create a file named, and add the following code; you will need to edit it to add the connection details for your OpenSearch service.


You can find the SERVICE_URI on Aiven’s dashboard.

from elasticsearch.helpers import bulk
from elasticsearch import Elasticsearch

import json

INDEX_NAME = 'epicurious-recipes'

es = Elasticsearch([SERVICE_URI])

def load_data():
    with open('full_format_recipes.json', 'r') as f:
        data = json.load(f)
        for recipe in data:
            yield {'_index': INDEX_NAME, '_source': recipe}

bulk(es, load_data())
  1. Run the script with the following command, and wait for it to complete:


Sample queries

With the data in place, we can start trying some queries against your OpenSearch service. Since it has a simple HTTP interface, you can use your favorite HTTP client. In these examples, we will use httpie because it’s one of our favorites.

First, export the SERVICE_URI variable with your OpenSearch service URI address and index name from the previous script:

export SERVICE_URI="YOUR_SERVICE_URI_HERE/epicurious-recipes"
  1. Execute a basic search for the word vegan across all documents and fields:

http "$SERVICE_URI/_search?q=vegan"
  1. Search for vegan in the desc or title fields only:

http POST "$SERVICE_URI/_search" <<< '
    "query": {
        "multi_match": {
            "query": "vegan",
            "fields": ["desc", "title"]
  1. Search for recipes published only in 2013:

http POST "$SERVICE_URI/_search" <<< '
    "query": {
        "range" : {
            "date": {
            "gte": "2013-01-01",
            "lte": "2013-12-31"

Ready for a challenge?

After playing around with the sample queries, can you use OpenSearch queries to answer some these questions?

  1. Find all vegan recipes and order them by calories.

  2. Find all recipes with vegan on the title but without the words cheese, meat or egs on any other field.

  3. Use one query to count how many vegan and vegetarian recipes there are.